[JS]Canvasを使って、リアルタイムにヒートマップを描くスクリプト -real time heatmap

ユーザーのマウスの動きに伴い、リアルタイムにヒートマップを生成するスクリプトを紹介します。

デモのキャプチャ

real time heatmap
デモ

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デモの画像の上でマウスを動かすと、その動いた量に伴いカラーがブルー、グリーン、イエロー、レッドとマウスの移動し滞在した量をヒートマップとして生成します。ヒートマップのデータはエクスポートも可能です。
また、iPhoneのシングルタップもサポートしている、とのことです。

スクリプトはjQueryなどの他のスクリプトは依存せず、下記のようになります。

JavaScirpt

/*
Copyright (c) 2010, Patrick Wied. All rights reserved.
Code licensed under the BSD License:
http://patrick-wied.at/static/license.txt
*/
var heatmapApp = (function(){
	// var definition
	// canvas: the canvas element
	// ctx: the canvas 2d context
	// width: the heatmap width for border calculations
	// height: the heatmap height for border calculations
	// invoke: the app doesn't react on the mouse events unless the invoke var is set to true
	var canvas,
		ctx,
		width,
		height,
		radius1 = 20,
		radius2 = 40,
		invoke = false,
	// function for coloring the heatmap
	colorize = function(x,y,x2){
		// initial check if x and y is outside the app
		// -> resetting values
		if(x+x2>width)
			x=width-x2;
		if(x<0)
			x=0;
		if(y<0)
			y=0;
		if(y+x2>height)
			y=height-x2;
		// get the image data for the mouse movement area
		var image = ctx.getImageData(x,y,x2,x2),
		// some performance tweaks
			imageData = image.data,
			length = imageData.length;
		// loop thru the area
		for(var i=3; i < length; i+=4){
			
			var r = 0,
				g = 0,
				b = 0,
				tmp = 0,
				// &#91;0&#93; -> r, [1] -> g, [2] -> b, [3] -> alpha
				alpha = imageData[i];
				
			// coloring depending on the current alpha value
			if(alpha<=255 && alpha >= 235){
				tmp=255-alpha;
				r=255-tmp;
				g=tmp*12;
			}else if(alpha<=234 && alpha >= 200){
				tmp=234-alpha;
				r=255-(tmp*8);
				g=255;
			}else if(alpha<= 199 && alpha >= 150){
				tmp=199-alpha;
				g=255;
				b=tmp*5;
			}else if(alpha<= 149 && alpha >= 100){
				tmp=149-alpha;
				g=255-(tmp*5);
				b=255;
			}else
				b=255;
			// we ve started with i=3
			// set the new r, g and b values
			imageData[i-3]=r;
			imageData[i-2]=g;
			imageData[i-1]=b;
		}
		// the rgb data manipulation didn't affect the ImageData object(defined on the top)
		// after the manipulation process we have to set the manipulated data to the ImageData object
		image.data = imageData;
		ctx.putImageData(image,x,y);	
	},
	// this handler is listening to the mouse movement of the user
	mouseMoveHandler = function(ev){
		// if the invoke variable is set to true -> do the alphamap manipulation
		if(invoke){
			// at first we have to get the x and y values of the user's mouse position
			var x, y;
			if (ev.layerX) { // Firefox
				x = ev.layerX;
				y = ev.layerY;
			} else if (ev.offsetX) { // Opera
				x = ev.offsetX;
				y = ev.offsetY;
			}
			if(typeof(x)=='undefined')
				return;
			
			// storing the variables because they will be often used
			var r1 = radius1;
			var r2 = radius2;
			
			//console.log("x: "+x+"; y:" +y);
			// create a radial gradient with the defined parameters. we want to draw an alphamap
			var rgr = ctx.createRadialGradient(x,y,r1,x,y,r2);
			// the center of the radial gradient has .1 alpha value
			rgr.addColorStop(0, 'rgba(0,0,0,0.1)');  
			// and it fades out to 0
			rgr.addColorStop(1, 'rgba(0,0,0,0)');
			// drawing the gradient
			ctx.fillStyle = rgr;  
			ctx.fillRect(x-r2,y-r2,2*r2,2*r2);
			// negate the invoke variable 
			// next execution of the logic is when the activate method activates the invoke var again
			invoke=!invoke;
			// at least colorize the area
			colorize(x-r2,y-r2,2*r2);
		}
	},
	// we don't want to capture all events because this would result in low performance
	// -> a function for activating the heatmap logic which will be called in a specified interval
	activate = function(){
		invoke = !invoke;
	};
	
	return {
		// initialization
		initialize: function(c, wt, ht){
			canvas = document.getElementById(c);
			canvas.width = wt;
			canvas.height = ht;
			canvas.style.border = "2px solid black";
			ctx = canvas.getContext("2d");
			width = wt;
			height = ht;
			canvas["onmousemove"] =  function(ev){ mouseMoveHandler(ev); };
			
			// iPhone / iPad support
			canvas["ontouchmove"] = function(ev){
				var touch = ev.touches[0],
				// simulating a mousemove event			
				simulatedEvent = document.createEvent("MouseEvent");
				simulatedEvent.initMouseEvent("mousemove", true, true, window, 1,
                              touch.screenX, touch.screenY,
                              touch.clientX, touch.clientY, false,
                              false, false, false, 0, null);
				// dispatching the simulated event			  
				touch.target.dispatchEvent(simulatedEvent);
				// we don't want to have the default iphone scrolling behaviour ontouchmove
				ev.preventDefault();
			};
			
			// call the activate function in an interval of 50ms
			(function(fn){
				setInterval(fn, 50);
			})(activate);
			
		},
		// if you like to process the image data e.g onbeforeunload
		// just call the getData method -> returns imagedata as a dataurl string
		getData: function(){
			return canvas.toDataURL();
		}
	};
})();
window["onload"]=function(){
	//call the initialization
	heatmapApp.initialize("c",300,900);
}

ライセンスはBSD Licenseとのことです。

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